The World Health Organization
Health Systems in Transition, Vol. 5 No. 7 2015
Published online: September 2015
Abstract / Resumen:
China has made great achievements in improving health status over the past six decades with a huge population that accounted for about 19% of total world population in 2012. The life expectancy at birth in China has increased from 35 years in 1949 to 75 years in 2012, mainly the result of government commitment to health, provision of cost effective public health programmes, coverage of health financial protection mechanisms, and a basic health care delivery network. China is facing many health challenges amid its demographic and epidemiological transition of rapid economic growth, urbanization and industrialization, population ageing, diseases and risk factors related to lifestyle and environmental pollution. […] Social health insurance schemes, including the rural cooperative medical scheme, urban employee-based health insurance scheme, and urban resident-based health insurance schemes, have reached universal population coverage. These are run by government subsidies and individual contributions and cover both outpatient and inpatient care. Governments provide subsidies for covering essential public health programmes. Access to health care has increased rapidly with the expanded coverage of financial protection mechanisms. Over the past decade, out-of-pocket payments as a proportion of total health expenditures have declined dramatically…
Keywords / Palabras clave: Health Care Reform, Health System Plans, 4. China. I. Asia Pacific Observatory on Health Systems and Policies.